The Role of Grihini Shikshya in Addressing Child Labor in Nepal: A Second Chance for Housewives to Complete Their Schooling

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Child labor in Nepal is a serious concern. Around 40% or 3,140,000 of the 7,700,000 children aged between 5 to 17 years are engaged in work. Of this 3,140,000, about half or 1,600,000 child laborers are in exploitative working conditions; and about 621,000 are in hazardous work. Children are found working in carpet and entertainment industries, mining, bead making, portering, brick production, embroidery (zari), car/motorcycle repair workshops, domestic work, cross border smuggling and roadside hawking. Each sector has its own array of push/pull factors influencing entry and exit of children and which determine the nature and extent of exploitative work children are exposed to.

As part of World Education’s Naya Bato Naya Paila project funded by United States Department of Labor, this small scale research on the impact of women's literacy program on choices for children's education and decisions for preventing the children's entry in to child labor is essential for the prevention of child labor and promotion of children's education. Findings from this action research will be of use to policy makers in designing and implementing future actions to eliminate child labor. World Education, 2013.

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